Saint John was
originally nurtured by its aboriginal inhabitants, the
Mi’kmaq and Maliseet long before its European discovery. On a voyage in
1604, Samuel-de-Champlain named the city.
After 14,000 American
British supporters arrived in 1783 following the American revolution,
Saint John, the ‘Loyalist city’ was incorporated by Royal Charter in
1785, making it Canada’s first incorporated city.
Also referred to
as ‘the Port City,’ Saint John became a leading industrial centre since
the nineteenth century, predominantly due to a shipbuilding trade. The
city quickly grew, with the largest influx of immigrants occurring
during the Irish famine of the 1840’s, adding ‘Canada’s most Irish City’
to its list of names.
The City's harbour has welcomed people from
across the globe and each group has left an imprint on Saint
John history through culture, architecture and people.