Practical Conservation Guidelines

Prince William Street

All guideline materials and collateral are provided for general information purposes only, and are not project specific.

Individual project specific conditions for each application will be outlined in a Heritage Permit (Certificate of Appropriateness) following approval by the Heritage Development Board. The work must be carried out in accordance with both the Heritage permit and (if required) the Building permit issued by the City in order to qualify for the grant program.

Before You Begin
 Conservation Plans In 2008 Saint John adopted the Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada. These national Standards and Guidelines provide sound, practical ways to achieve good conservation practice.
By-Law Information The By-Law is in place to guide the
development of these Heritage Conservation
Areas so that both the exterior conservation of
existing buildings and the construction of new
(infill) buildings is carried out in a manner that
is in keeping with the character of the
architecture in these areas.

 Heritage Permit 

Before making changes to the exterior of
a building in a Heritage Conservation Area,

property owners must receive a Heritage Permit.

Masonry A masonry wall consists of stone, brick, or
concrete units bonded with mortar. Mortar is
a mixture of lime, sand, water and, more recently, cement.
Wood Wood cladding is applied in a variety of ways;
horizontal clapboards, cedar shingles, flush-
boards, and vertical board and batten. With good maintenance the service life of wood
cladding can be fairly long.
In addition to providing light, outside views, and ventilation, windows are an important design element of a building facade. Their location size, shape and style work together to define a building's architectural character. Unfortunately, windows are the feature of a facade that in the recent past have most often been changed.
Saint John is notable for its fine buildings, many of which have remained largely intact for a century. Good maintenance is critical to preserving your building. Repairing damaged areas can also greatly improve appearance, comfort and efficiency.


The size, shape and slope of a roof create the building silhouette. The roofing materials contribute texture and pattern. Iron cresting, cornices, gutters, and other roof elements visually enrich the roofscape. The roof is the primary protection against the elements.
Paint & Colour
Paint serves to protect and preserve the materials, and should be renewed regularly. Exterior paint normally lasts five to eight years.
Colour can have a significant effect upon our
impression of a building. Colour can be used
to accentuate detail and decorative features, and
to define the shape and lines of the building.
Doors are a very important design and functional
feature on the facade. The location, size, shape
and style of doors establish our impression of
a building.
Dormers visually enrich the roofscape while
providing light and ventilation to upper floors
and attics.
Dormers consist of a window, enclosing walls,
and a roof. The shape, size, and ornamentation
vary considerably.
Eaves & Cornices
The eaves were traditionally elaborated with
trim and mouldings to celebrate the transition
between wall and roof. This more elaborate
eave is called a cornice. The eave and cornice
are often the dominant decorative feature of
the building.
A porch is a roofed space sheltering the entrance,
and is known as a portico if it has a pedimented
roof supported on columns. It may project from
the facade or be recessed into it.
Awnings are roof-like fabric coverings extending
from the face of a building out over windows
or doors. Skilled sail makers were readily available in the old port of Saint John so canvas awnings were commonplace in Victorian Trinity Royal.
Signs and awnings were always a vital part of
the Trinity Royal area. Victorian merchants
were hardheaded businessmen who took
themselves and their business seriously. Their
confidence was reflected in assertive signs which
were bold, plain and plentiful.
Stairs, Decks & Fire Escapes
This brochure has been developed to help you in the repair and reconstruction of the stairs, decks and fire escapes for your heritage building. 
Storefronts are composed of individual parts;
the basepanel display windows, transoms,
entryways, columns, piers or pilasters, and a
The storefront is one of the most important
features of a commercial facade. The storefront
serves to attract customer attention, provide
display space and to let natural light and a view
into the store.

Resources Icon


Heritage Permit

Heritage Grant Program - Policy

'Heritage Grant Program - Process

Heritage Grant Program - Application Form

Growth & Community - Heritage Conservation

Heritage Conservation
(506) 658-2835
10th Floor, City Hall
PO Box 1971
Saint John, NB
E2L 4L1

Service Request Form

Service Request Form
indicates a required field
eg: 15 Market Square OR corner of Union and Germain
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Heritage Conservation By-Law
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